Knee pain treatment depends upon the severity of the condition. At times, arthritis in the knee joint is just a minor problem that can be treated at home with over the counter medicine, rest and ice packs. But sometimes, knee pain may become a major problem requiring surgery, reconstructive surgery or physiotherapy. Find out here now Tucson knee pain treatment
Knee pain treatment starts with identifying the cause of the condition. The first step should be examination by an orthopedic specialist to determine the severity of the condition. A thorough history and examination will help in identifying the cause of the condition. Some conditions are treated by simply applying cold packs to the affected area, rest and anti-inflammatory medicines or surgery.
Mild to moderate arthritic knee pain usually responds well to OTC drugs or heat pads. A doctor may suggest steroidal injections to relieve pain. However, patients must be counselled that these drugs should only be used for short term due to the side effects of possible joint damage.
Other physical therapy treatments can help reduce the pain. Initial treatment options should be effective in the early stages of the condition. Only when the cause knee pain is identified can comprehensive plan of treatment options be devised.
In some cases, the condition is mild and the degeneration of the cartilage is slow. It may cause knee pain with swelling, hotness and stiffness. This is a non-traumatic case of knee pain and does not require treatment by anti-inflammatory drugs. Physical therapy can be used to strengthen the ligaments and to restore flexibility to the knee joint.
Severe arthritis also causes knee pain and restricted range of motion. As the bones become weak and the cartilage becomes damaged, the joint is no longer at its most elastic. In such cases, a doctor will recommend arthroscopic surgery to fix the condition. The treatment involves removing part of the bone to rebuild the joints and the surrounding areas.
Initial treatment options will include ice packs on the painful knee joint as well as taking pain medication. For more severe inflammatory conditions, steroid injections are also given. The anti-inflammatory drugs can reduce the swelling and the inflammation, which allows the joint to heal faster.
When you visit an orthopedic specialist, he/she will test the strength and flexibility of the knee joint. If the tests show deterioration of the cartilage then more aggressive treatments will need to be implemented. The doctor may suggest surgery if there is no other alternative. The surgery removes damaged cartilage or bursa that are thought to be the root cause of the joint pain. The bursa’s are removed to open up space for new cartilage to grow.
Treatments for knee pain may also include physical therapy and taking prescribed pain medications. Anti-inflammatory medication is commonly prescribed to relieve the joint pain. Aspirin, naproxen and ibuprofen are commonly taken. Athletes who get suffering from sports injuries may treat their injuries with steroid injections. Other drugs that can help in treating the injury are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Treatments like physical therapy can help in recovery and rehabilitation after knee pain becomes worse. After a joint replacement surgery, the physiotherapists and the osteopaths can teach the patients how to do physical therapy exercises. This will help in reducing the symptoms. As they progress, the therapists can slowly introduce sports activities. Knee problems that have been chronic can sometimes be treated conservatively by this method.
When knee pain is due to ligament injuries or to the accumulation of osteoarthritis, the physiotherapists and osteopaths should perform arthroscopic surgery. They insert micro-discectomy blades into specific joints where scar tissues and plaques are found. Micro-discectomy blades are not painful, but they are more expensive compared to the other surgical methods. This is the most effective and quickest method to treat osteoarthritis. However, it also has the highest rate of mortality.
For more severe cases of arthritis or ligament injuries, the doctor may recommend weight-bearing exercises or physical therapy. Physical therapy exercises can help prevent atrophy of the knee joints or decrease the rate of damage of the cartilage and the ligaments. This can be done by increasing the strength of the muscles surrounding the knee. Injuries are prevented and treated better when the patient performs the recommended exercises.